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THE BUGLEpicture of a bugle

The first bugles developed as hunting horns. They were shaped in a coil � typically a double coil, but also a single or triple coil � similar to the modern French horn, and were used to communicate during hunts and as announcing instruments for coaches. Relatives of the bugle included the post horn, the Pless horn and the bugle horn.
The first formal use of a brass horn as a military signal device was the Halbmondblaser � literally, �half moon blower� � used in Hanover in 1758. It was U-shaped (hence its name) and comfortably carried by a shoulder strap attached at the mouthpiece and bell. It first spread to England in 1764 where it was gradually accepted widely in foot regiments. Cavalry did not normally use a proper bugle, but rather an early trumpet that might be mistaken for a bugle today, as it lacked keys or valves, but had a more gradual taper and a smaller bell, producing a sound more easily audible at close range but with less carrying power over distance.
The bugle is used mainly in the military where the bugle call is used to indicate the daily routines of camp. Historically the bugle was used in the cavalry to relay instructions from officers to soldiers during battle.
At the dawn of the 19th century, the keyed bugle was invented in Dublin. It caught the public eye in 1815 when it appeared at celebrations following the Battle of Waterloo. This new brass instrument was an improvement on the common field bugle and soon became known as the "Kent Horn" because its inventor, Joseph Halliday, dedicated his creation to his military commander, the Duke of Kent. As various military bands adopted the keyed bugle, the stage was set for a new musical ensemble, the all-brass band, to sweep Europe.