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A Brief History Samuel & Sarah (nee Bainbridge) BOWER of CRICH, Derbyshire

by Alan Brigham, December 2008

Samuel was born 24.11.1822. His parents were Richard & Martha (nee Eyre). Known sibling was Ellen(December 1825). Samuel died (aged 73) 13.7.1895 at Crich, of Cerebral Haemorrhage. Reported by son Charles.

Sarah was born 22.09.1822. Her parents were John & Sarah Bainbridge. Siblings Emmanuel (1816), John (1819), Hannah (18??). Sarah died (aged 74) 15.8.1897 at Crich, of Cerebral haemorrhage. Reported by son Charles

Samuel and Sarah were married 16.03.1852 at the Parish church of Duffield. Witnesses were F M McCullum & Mary Marshall. Fathers were recorded as: Richard Bower, butcher, and John Bainbridge, farmer. Their children included John Eyre (1853) Samuel (1855) Mathew Eyre (1859), Charles Robert (1866).
1841 Census shows Samuel (apprentice frame-fitter) as a lodger with the Cary family (framesmiths), at Street, Alfreton. Sarah was with her mother & brother John, in Holbrook district.
1851 Census shows Sarah with her mother in Holbrook on 8 acre farm. Samuel was a lodger in Alfreton(still in the Cary Household), and he is shown as a framesmith. Their 1852 Wedding certificate confirms Samuel still a framesmith
Trade directories of 1857, 1860, 1870 shows Samuel at the Black Swan, Crich.
Note: The Black Swan was owned by Samuel�s Uncle �Mathew Eyre (�Shoulder of Mutton� at South Normanton). Matthew Eyre died June 1867 and left the Black Swan (+yards/gardens/outbuildings) and land at Cow Close, Crich to Samuel.
28.1.1853 John Eyre BOWER (first son) born at Black Swan
1861 census shows them at the Black Swan, Crich. Samuel as a publican and framesmith. Also three sons + 1 servant
1871 census as above, now four sons + 1 servant
1879 Wedding certificate of son John Eyre BOWER shows Samuel as �Publican�
1881 census shows Samuel & Sarah(and son Charles R) on a 20 acre farm in Crich
8.7.1885 At probate of his mother, Martha�s will, Samuel is shown as a Surveyor of Highways
1891 Census as above with grandson John Charles (of John Eyre) + servant(aged 11)

See below for pr�cis of Samuel�s will. The probate grant of 30.7.1895, appoints Samuel Bower of 54 Douglas St & his friend William Yeomans. Value of the estate �114.14.6 (2006 value �9105.24).

Will of Samuel BOWER of Crich, Derbyshire, retired Innkeeper
Bequeaths rents issues and interest and annual proceeds of all his real and personal estate to his wife Sarah BOWER during her life. At her death. the real and personal estate should be sold by his Executors either by public auction or private contract. Upon the sole bequeaths to his son, Charles Robert BOWER the sum of ten pounds. For the residue of the estate, this is to be divided between his four sons John Eyre BOWER, Samuel BOWER, Matthew Eyre BOWER and Charles Robert BOWER. If one these sons should be deceased his share to be divided amongst his children in equal shares.
Gold watch and double barrelled gun to go to his son Charles Robert BOWER for his services in managing the farm.
Copper coins and revolver to his son Matthew Eyre BOWER
Single barrelled gun and three silver watches to his son John Eyre BOWER
Appoints his son Samuel BOWER and his friend William Yeomans of Holloway House, Estate Agent, as executors of the will.
Will signed 1st November 1893 in presence of witnesses: John Higton and Mary Ann Higton
Probate granted 26th August 1895 at Derby to William Yeomans and Samuel Bower, executors